Sozopol

Location:
Sozopol is located at the seaside, some 30 km south of Burgas.

History:
The settlement known as modern Sozopol was one of the most important early Greek colonial settlements on the Black Sea coast. It was founded by colonists from Miletus, and known as Apollonia Pontika. It became immediately an important port on the main trade route between the growing Greek colonies to the north, and the Bosphorus and the Aegean, with fish curing an important export industry. Apollonia supplied Attica with fish and agricultural products in exchange for Greek goods, which were sold to the Thracian rulers in the interior. In the end of the 5th century, Apollonia declined due to the internal disorder on the Balkan Peninsula. The city avoided involvement in the wars between the Byzantines and the Bulgarians, but it was sacked by the Genoese in 1353, and taken by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. Through the centuries that followed, like most Black Sea coast towns, it went into serious decline and in the beginning of the 20th century, it was a village of about 3000 inhabitants, whose main trade was fishing. After the First World War, some refugees from Greek Thrace settled here.

Things to see:
Numerous red and black figural vases, coloured glass vessels, jewellry, amphorae and anchors, dating back to the time when the city was flourishing, are now exhibited in the town’s Museum of Ancient Art.
A walk in the old part of the town of Sozopol is very pleasant with all the small streets flanked by souvenir stalls, galleries and portrait artists. Have a relaxing afternoon in the shady municipal park, carpeted with cottony wads of blossom during early summer. Sheltering among the trees is the pale sandstone Chapel of St. Zossim, honoring the patron saint of seafarers, the Orthodox Church's answer to Apollo. The Church of St. Kiril and St.Metodi, is used as a concert hall during the Apollonia Festival. Of interest is also Sveta Bogoroditsa church, which is in the centre of the old town.

Photos from Sozopol


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